To be alive in the developed world in 2015 is to be situated within a stream of data that flow both in and out of one's body. Some people are trying to upgrade their input/output ports to let those data flow more freely. By building digital interfaces into their nervous systems, grinders are blurring the boundary between human and machine -- and raising some difficult questions about the nature of consciousness.


Grindhouse Wetware

Sally Bartel, Spotted Dolphins Echolocating and Eating

Lepht Anonym, "Cybernetics for the Masses"

Nanograms theme + original music by Josh Mobley (@joshmobleymusic).


You’ve heard of the “Internet of Things,” right? Smart refrigerators that let you know when it’s time to pick up milk. Dryers that text you when your laundry’s done. WiFi-enabled thermostats and light fixtures you control from your phone… that kind of thing. 

What about internal organs?


Fighting for the Right to Open his Heart Data: Hugo Campos at TEDxCambridge 2011

Washington Post 10.21.13: Yes, Terrorists Could Have Hacked Dick Cheney's Heart

Nanograms theme + original music by Josh Mobley (@joshmobleymusic).

Panopticon Highway

Cyborg activists argue that ubiquitous video technology is displacing monolithic state surveillance with something more democratic: "sousveillance."

Cyborgization grants us new powers to monitor both the authorities and one another- what could possilbly go wrong? 


Insane Russian dashcam footage...

Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish.

David Shumway, Michel Foucault.

Steve Mann et al., "Sousveillance: Inventing and Using Wearable Computing Devices for Data Collection in Surveillance Environments." Surveillance and Society 1(3):331-355.

Nanograms theme + original music by Josh Mobley (@joshmobleymusic).

Other tracks heard in this episode:

Elvis Costello, "Watching the Detectives"

namelessnumberheadman, "Smoke and Mirrors"


Visibility – seeing and being seen – is at the core of what it means to be a cyborg. 

It’s also a flashpoint in the emerging field of cyborg law.


Washington Post 2.26.14 Anti-Google Glass attack in San Francisco highlights tension over wearables

Rao RPN, Stocco A, Bryan M, Sarma D, Youngquist TM, Wu J, et al. (2014) A Direct Brain-to-Brain Interface in Humans. PLoS ONE 9(11): e111332. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0111332

Nanograms theme + original music by Josh Mobley (@joshmobleymusic).

Other tracks heard in this episode:

RJD2, "Ghostwriter"

smoking fox, "summer breeze / let it out (johnny_ripper remix)" (CC-BY-NC-SA)


Our Cell Phones, Ourselves

It’s not a new observation: mobile devices have become indispensable tools for modern life. And the relationship is getting to be more than just utilitarian. Increasingly, we identify with these devices – and the connections they effect – in deeply personal ways. It’s as though the technology has become a part of our selves.


Gallup: Most U.S. Smartphone Owners Check Phone At Least Hourly

Benjamin Wittes and Jane Chong, "Our Cyborg Future: Law and Policy Implications"

Nanograms theme + original music by Josh Mobley (@joshmobleymusic).

Other tracks heard in this episode:

ABSRDST, "Texting" (CC-BY-NC-SA)

Circus Marcus, "La tapa del jueves" (CC-BY-NC)